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one / 1 / single / a (article) / as soon as / entire / whole / all / throughout / "one" radical in Chinese characters (Kangxi radical 1) / also pr. [yao1] for greater clarity when spelling out numbers digit by digit
jiā home / family / (polite) my (sister, uncle etc) / classifier for families or businesses / refers to the philosophical schools of pre-Han China / noun suffix for a specialist in some activity, such as a musician or revolutionary, corresponding to English -ist, -er, -ary or -ian / CL:個|个[ge4]
北京 Běi jīng Beijing, capital of People's Republic of China / Peking / PRC government
中国 Zhōng guó China
letter / symbol / character / word / CL:個|个[ge4] / courtesy or style name traditionally given to males aged 20 in dynastic China
diǎn point / dot / drop / speck / o'clock / point (in space or time) / to draw a dot / to check on a list / to choose / to order (food in a restaurant) / to touch briefly / to hint / to light / to ignite / to pour a liquid drop by drop / (old) one fifth of a two-hour watch 更[geng1] / dot stroke in Chinese characters / classifier for items
huí to circle / to go back / to turn around / to answer / to return / to revolve / Hui ethnic group (Chinese Muslims) / time / classifier for acts of a play / section or chapter (of a classic book)
汉语 Hàn Chinese language / CL:門|门[men2]
also / too / (in Classical Chinese) final particle implying affirmation
to compare / (followed by a noun and adjective) more {adj.} than {noun} / ratio / to gesture / (Taiwan pr. [bi4] in some compounds derived from Classical Chinese)
piào ticket / ballot / banknote / CL:張|张[zhang1] / person held for ransom / amateur performance of Chinese opera / classifier for groups, batches, business transactions
中文 Zhōng wén Chinese language
yuán currency unit (esp. Chinese yuan) / first / original / primary / fundamental / constituent / part / era (of a reign) / meta- (prefix) / (math.) argument / variable / (Tw) (geology) eon
horse / CL:匹[pi3] / horse or cavalry piece in Chinese chess / knight in Western chess
北方 běi fāng north / the northern part a country / China north of the Yellow River
huǒ fire / urgent / ammunition / fiery or flaming / internal heat (Chinese medicine) / hot (popular) / classifier for military units (old) / Kangxi radical 86
máo hair / feather / down / wool / mildew / mold / coarse or semifinished / young / raw / careless / unthinking / nervous / scared / (of currency) to devalue or depreciate / classifier for Chinese fractional monetary unit ( = 角[jiao3] , = one-tenth of a yuan or 10 fen 分[fen1])
博士 shì doctor / court academician (in feudal China) / Ph.D.
普通话 tōng huà Mandarin (common language) / Putonghua (common speech of the Chinese language) / ordinary speech
zhí straight / to straighten / fair and reasonable / frank / straightforward / (indicates continuing motion or action) / vertical / vertical downward stroke in Chinese characters
人民币 rén mín Renminbi (RMB) / Chinese Yuan (CNY)
jiǎ first of the ten Heavenly Stems 十天干[shi2 tian1 gan1] / (used for an unspecified person or thing) / first (in a list, as a party to a contract etc) / letter "A" or roman "I" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc / armor plating / shell or carapace / (of the fingers or toes) nail / bladed leather or metal armor (old) / ranking system used in the Imperial examinations (old) / civil administration unit in the baojia 保甲[bao3 jia3] system (old) / ancient Chinese compass point: 75°
huà to delimit / to transfer / to assign / to plan / to draw (a line) / stroke of a Chinese character
yuán circle / round / circular / spherical / (of the moon) full / unit of Chinese currency (yuan) / tactful / to make consistent and whole (the narrative of a dream or a lie)
拼音 pīn yīn phonetic writing / pinyin (Chinese romanization)
second of the ten Heavenly Stems 十天干[shi2 tian1 gan1] / second in order / letter "B" or Roman "II" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc / second party (in legal contract, usually 乙方[yi3 fang1], as opposed to 甲方[jia3 fang1]) / ethyl / bent / winding / radical in Chinese characters (Kangxi radical 5) / ancient Chinese compass point: 105°
象棋 xiàng Chinese chess / CL:副[fu4]
成语 chéng Chinese set expression, typically of 4 characters, often alluding to a story or historical quotation / idiom / proverb / saying / adage / CL:條|条[tiao2],本[ben3],句[ju4]
chǒu clown / 2nd earthly branch: 1-3 a.m., 12th solar month (6th January to 3rd February), year of the Ox / ancient Chinese compass point: 30°
近代 jìn dài the not-very-distant past / modern times, excluding recent decades / (in the context of Chinese history) the period from the Opium Wars until the May 4th Movement (mid-19th century to 1919) / capitalist times (pre-1949)
华裔 Huá ethnic Chinese / non-Chinese citizen of Chinese ancestry
声调 shēng diào tone / note / a tone (on a Chinese syllable) / CL:個|个[ge4]
wing / area surrounding the bullseye of a target / to assist / one of the 28 constellations of Chinese astronomy / old variant of 翌
fān foreign (non-Chinese) / barbarian / classifier for occurrences (of an event, action or speech utterance) / classifier for iterations: times, -fold (as in twofold etc) / classifier for situations: kind, sort
shù to erect / vertical / vertical stroke (in Chinese characters)
dīng fourth of the ten Heavenly Stems 十天干[shi2 tian1 gan1] / fourth in order / letter "D" or Roman "IV" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc / ancient Chinese compass point: 195° / butyl / cubes (of food)
武侠 xiá martial arts chivalry (Chinese literary, theatrical and cinema genre) / knight-errant
héng horizontal / across / crosswise / horizontal stroke (in Chinese characters) / to place (sth) flat (on a surface) / to cross (a river, etc) / in a jumble / chaotic / (in fixed expressions) harsh and unreasonable / violent
bǐng third of the ten Heavenly Stems 十天干[shi2 tian1 gan1] / third in order / letter "C" or Roman "III" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc / ancient Chinese compass point: 165° / propyl
旗袍 páo Chinese-style dress / cheongsam
正气 zhèng healthy environment / healthy atmosphere / righteousness / vital energy (in Chinese medicine)
生肖 shēng xiào one of the twelve animals symbolic of the earthly branches 地支[di4 zhi1] / animal from the Chinese zodiac
农历 nóng the traditional Chinese calendar / the lunar calendar
重叠 chóng dié to overlap / to superimpose / to telescope / to run together / to duplicate / one over another / superposition / an overlap / redundancy / reduplication (in Chinese grammar, e.g. 散散步[san4 san4 bu4] to have a stroll)
zǎi to slaughter livestock / to govern or rule / to cheat customers / imperial official in dynastic China
繁体字 fán traditional Chinese character
简体字 jiǎn simplified Chinese character, as opposed to traditional Chinese character 繁體字|繁体字[fan2 ti3 zi4]
zhú "bamboo" radical in Chinese characters (Kangxi radical 118)
xx5 component in Chinese characters, occurring in 青, 毒, 素 etc / see also 青字頭|青字头[qing1 zi4 tou2]
上海 Shàng hǎi Shanghai municipality, central east China, abbr. to 滬|沪[Hu4]
线 xiàn thread / string / wire / line / CL:條|条[tiao2],股[gu3],根[gen1] / (after a number) tier (unofficial ranking of a Chinese city)
简体 jiǎn simplified form of Chinese characters, as opposed to traditional form 繁體|繁体[fan2 ti3]
Zhōng China / Chinese / surname Zhong
war chariot (archaic) / rook (in Chinese chess) / rook (in chess)
山东 Shān dōng Shandong, province in northeast China, short name 魯|鲁[Lu3], capital Jinan 濟南|济南[Ji3 nan2]
浙江 Zhè jiāng Zhejiang province (Chekiang) in east China, abbr. 浙, capital Hangzhou 杭州
IP I P intellectual property (in China, esp. since 2015, often used as an entertainment industry term for a creative work used as the basis of a new product, such as a manga adapted as a tv series, or the image of a cartoon character appearing on merchandise)
广东 Guǎng dōng Guangdong province (Kwangtung) in south China, short name 粵|粤[Yue4], capital Guangzhou 廣州|广州
Huá abbr. for China
湖南 nán Hunan province in south central China, abbr. 湘, capital Changsha 長沙|长沙[Chang2 sha1]
西安 ān Xi'an, sub-provincial city and capital of Shaanxi 陝西省|陕西省[Shan3 xi1 Sheng3] in northwest China / see 西安區|西安区[Xi1 an1 qu1]
江苏 Jiāng Jiangsu province (Kiangsu) in southeast China, abbr. 蘇|苏, capital Nanjing 南京
Wēi surname Wei / ancient Chinese state near present day Chongqing / Taiwan pr. [Wei2]
bǎn board / plank / plate / shutter / table tennis bat / clappers (music) / CL:塊|块[kuai4] / accented beat in Chinese music / hard / stiff / to stop smiling or look serious
shì room / work unit / grave / scabbard / family or clan / one of the 28 constellations of Chinese astronomy
山西 Shān Shanxi province (Shansi) in north China between Hebei and Shaanxi, abbr. 晋 capital Taiyuan 太原
海南 Hǎi nán Hainan Province, in the South China Sea, short name 瓊|琼[Qiong2], capital Haikou 海口 / Hainan Island / Hainan District of Wuhai City 烏海市|乌海市[Wu1 hai3 Shi4], Inner Mongolia / Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture 海南藏族自治州[Hai3 nan2 Zang4 zu2 Zi4 zhi4 zhou1], Qinghai
湖北 běi Hubei Province (Hupeh) in central China, abbr. 鄂[E4], capital Wuhan 武漢|武汉[Wu3 han4]
B站 B zhàn (coll.) Bilibili, Chinese video-sharing website featuring scrolled user comments 彈幕|弹幕[dan4 mu4] overlaid on the videos
江西 Jiāng Jiangxi province (Kiangsi) in southeast China, abbr. 赣, capital Nanchang 南昌
北京市 Běi jīng Shì Beijing / capital of People's Republic of China / one of the four municipalities 直轄市|直辖市[zhi2 xia2 shi4]
吉林 lín Jilin province (Kirin) in northeast China, abbr. 吉, capital 長春|长春 / also Jilin prefecture-level city, Jilin province
成都 Chéng Chengdu subprovincial city and capital of Sichuan province 四川 in southwest China
中华 Zhōng huá China (alternate formal name)
wèi not yet / did not / have not / not / 8th earthly branch: 1-3 p.m., 6th solar month (7th July-6th August), year of the Sheep / ancient Chinese compass point: 210°
son / child / seed / egg / small thing / 1st earthly branch: 11 p.m.-1 a.m., midnight, 11th solar month (7th December to 5th January), year of the Rat / Viscount, fourth of five orders of nobility 五等爵位[wu3 deng3 jue2 wei4] / ancient Chinese compass point: 0° (north)
淘宝网 Táo bǎo Wǎng Taobao Marketplace, a Chinese website for online shopping
shǐ history / annals / title of an official historian in ancient China
浙江省 Zhè jiāng Shěng Zhejiang Province (Chekiang) in east China, abbr. 浙[Zhe4], capital Hangzhou 杭州[Hang2 zhou1]
三国 Sān guó Three Kingdoms period (220-280) in Chinese history / several Three Kingdoms periods in Korean history, esp. from 1st century AD to unification under Silla 新羅|新罗[Xin1 luo2] in 658
语音 yīn speech sounds / pronunciation / colloquial (rather than literary) pronunciation of a Chinese character / phonetic / audio / voice / (Internet) to voice chat / voice message
天下 tiān xià land under heaven / the whole world / the whole of China / realm / rule
淘宝 Táo bǎo Taobao, a Chinese online shopping website (abbr. for 淘寶網|淘宝网[Tao2 bao3 Wang3])
四川 chuān Sichuan province (Szechuan) in southwest China, abbr. 川 or 蜀, capital Chengdu 成都
哔哩哔哩 Bilibili, Chinese video-sharing website featuring scrolled user comments 彈幕|弹幕[dan4 mu4] overlaid on the videos
Qīng Qing or Ch'ing dynasty of imperial China (1644-1911) / surname Qing
福建 jiàn Fujian province (Fukien) in east China, abbr. 福 or 閩|闽, capital Fuzhou 福州 / Fujian province (Fukien) in Taiwan
Chuān abbr. for Sichuan Province 四川[Si4 chuan1] in southwest China
新浪 Xīn làng Sina, Chinese web portal and online media company
云南 Yún nán Yunnan province in southwest China, bordering on Vietnam, Laos and Myanmar, abbr. 滇[dian1] or 雲|云, capital Kunming 昆明
南京 Nán jīng Nanjing subprovincial city on the Changjiang, capital of Jiangsu province 江蘇|江苏 / capital of China at different historical periods
广 yǎn "house on a cliff" radical in Chinese characters (Kangxi radical 53), occurring in 店, 序, 底 etc
广西 Guǎng Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region 廣西壯族自治區|广西壮族自治区 in South Central China, on the border with Vietnam, abbr. 桂, capital Nanning 南寧|南宁 / until 1959, Guangxi province
青海 Qīng hǎi Qinghai province (Tsinghai) in west China, abbr. 青, capital Xining 西寧|西宁
安徽 Ān huī Anhui Province (Anhwei) in south central China, abbr. 皖[Wan3], capital Hefei 合肥[He2 fei2]
金山 Jīn shān Jinshan suburban district of Shanghai / Jinshan or Chinshan township in New Taipei City 新北市[Xin1 bei3 shi4], Taiwan
沈阳 Shěn yáng Shenyang subprovincial city and capital of Liaoning province 遼寧省|辽宁省 in northeast China / old names include Fengtian 奉天, Shengjing 盛京 and Mukden
surname Lu / Lu, ancient state of China 魯國|鲁国[Lu3 guo2] / Lu, short name for Shandong 山東|山东[Shan1 dong1]
语文 wén literature and language / (PRC) Chinese (as a school subject)
贵州 Guì zhōu Guizhou province (Kweichow) in south central China, abbr. to 黔[Qian2] or 貴|贵[Gui4], capital Guiyang 貴陽|贵阳[Gui4 yang2]


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